All About EPF & ESIC!

27 Jun 2022 | Finance

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Hooshang Bakht

Brego Business was started with a mission to make entrepreneurship easy. Our goal is to help business owners grow and scale without having to deal with the day-to-day stress of running a business. We specialize in providing services that help business owners grow their businesses, including Digital Marketing, search engine marketing (SEM), social media marketing (SMM), LinkedIn marketing, video production, accounts receivable (AR), accounts payable (AP), internal audit, VCFO, and recruitment. We have helped more than 500 brands grow their businesses. We work closely with clients to understand their unique needs and develop customized strategies that deliver measurable results.

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Do you know what is the scariest thing in the world? Paying for something and not knowing what it is that you are paying for. Sounds confusing right? Imagine a scenario like this- Every month, a sum of money is going out of your salary, but you don’t really understand where it is actually going. Business owners and Employees all around the country have been paying for EPF and ESIC with their hard earned money, but more than half of them are clueless about it.

You may have many questions about this, but you’ve probably been too afraid to ask them. Am I contributing to this more than you should? When will I be able to get the benefits of this? Are there any current changes in the scheme? So in this light, let’s go over some FAQs about PF and ESI.

What is EPF and ESI?

Before delving into anything about the two concepts, you should first know the basics about them. The Employee Provident Fund, popularly known as PF or EPF is a retirement saving scheme that is available to all salaried employees and is backed by the government on a which fixed interest is paid. It is important to know that both the employees and employers contribute to the Provident Fund.

The Employee State Insurance Scheme, also known as ESI is a self-financed social security scheme that is made to protect employees who are covered under financial problems arising out of the events of illness, disability or death due to injuries while working.

How do I know if this is applicable to my Company and my Employees?

Previously, any company having 20 employees or more had to be registered under this scheme. But as per the new rules, this limit is now going to be halved. This means that any Firm which has a minimum of 10 employees has to be registered with the Provident Fund.

Whereas, for ESI, all Factories where 10 or more people are employed, are to be registered under ESI Act. It is important for establishments like Shops, Hotels (only engaged in ‘sales’), Cinemas (including preview theaters), Road Motor Transport Establishments, Newspaper establishments, Private Educational Institutions to be registered under ESI scheme.

Whom does the PF and ESI cover?

Any establishment having more than 10 employees and those Employees whose salary is less than Rs. 21000 have to be covered under ESI mandatorily.

As per the rule, in EPF, a fresher whose ‘pay’ (Basic + Dearness Allowance) is less than Rs.15,000 per month at the time of joining, is eligible for EPF and have to mandatorily become members of the EPF.

Establishments with less than 10 Employees can also join EPF if the Employer and Employees want to do so.

How much do I need to contribute? Am I giving more? 

As far as the contribution to these two schemes goes, here is the break up for you!

For ESI,

  • If you are a business owner, you have to pay 4% of your Gross Salary.
  • And if you are an employee, you have to pay 1% of your Gross Salary.

For PF,

  • 12% of the Employers Total Salary (Basic Salary + Dearness Allowance + Retaining Allowance)
  • When it comes to the Employees share, an equal contribution of 12% is expected from their salary as well.

How Do I Register For this?

Let’s say you are about to start your own business and are looking to hire people to work for you. It may also be possible that you now have 10 + employees and are now looking at implementing these schemes. Registration for EPF and ESI is a very important process and is a function of having the right documents and following the right steps. But a business owner who is as busy as you, should not really be doing this. Therefore, we can guide you on the same or rather, help you get through this process in a seamless manner. Reach out to us at and we will take care of everything for you!

While EPF and ESI is something that benefits the employees more than the business owner, it is the duty of all employers to protect their employees by making these facilities available to them, thus, not only securing their futures, but also giving them the opportunity to get safe returns with great interest.

This ensures that each and every one of your employees has a happy retirement with long term financial security. We hope that this blog has helped answer some of the questions that you might have about these two schemes! Thank you and we will see you in the next blog!

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